Routing Transit Number: What It Is, How It Works, Where to Find (2024)

What Is a Routing Transit Number?

A routing transit number is a nine-digit number used to identify a bank or financial institution when clearing funds for electronic transfers or processing checks in the United States. A routing transit number is also used in online banking and clearinghouses for financial transactions. Only federally chartered and state-chartered banks that are eligible to maintain an account at a Federal Reserve Bank are issued routing transit numbers.

Key Takeaways

  • A routing transit number is a nine-digit number used to identify a bank or financial institution when clearing funds or processing checks.
  • The American Bankers Association (ABA) established routing transit numbers in 1910.
  • These numbers are also used in online banking and clearinghouses for financial transactions.
  • Routing transit numbers are often used when setting up a wire transfer or direct deposit.
  • Whereas SWIFT or IBAN numbers are used for international transactions, routing numbers are often required for domestic transfers.

How Routing Transit Numbers Work

A bank’s routing transit number is located at the bottom of a check and is the first nine digits on the far left. The first four digits designate the Federal Reserve Bank of the district where the institution is located. The next four digits denote the bank itself, while the last digit is a classifier for the check or negotiable instrument.

The numbers following the routing transit number on a check are the account number and check number for the bank from which the funds are to be drawn. All checks written on state or federally chartered banks will have routing transit numbers on the bottom.

Paper checks also have a routing symbol, which performs much the same function as the routing numbers on the bottom of the check. The routing symbol is located at the top of the check and is also called the fractional bank number.

How Routing Transit Numbers Are Used

Routing transit numbers are often used when setting up a wire transfer relationship with one’s personal or business bank. A wire transfer is an electronic funds payment across a network administered by hundreds of banks worldwide.

While no physical currency moves among financial institutions during a wire transfer, information does pass between banks, including the recipient's account information, the receiver's bank account number, and the amount of the transfer. As a result, a correct routing transit number is critical to ensure sensitive information is directed to the appropriate receiving party and that the transaction goes through smoothly.

Routing transit numbers are also involved in direct deposits of money from employers paying employees and income tax refunds from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). A direct deposit allows a sender to deposit funds directly into the receiver’s bank account electronically instead of issuing a paper check.

9 Digits

Routing numbers are nine digits long, while bank account numbers often vary in length. In addition, your routing number will always begin with a 0, 1, 2, or 3.

Routing Number vs. Other Banking Numbers

There are a few terms that are synonymous with "routing transit number," including "routing number,""transit number" and "ABA number." ABA is an acronym for the American Bankers Association, which established these numbers in 1910. The terms "routing," "transit," and "ABA" are often used interchangeably. Routing numbers were originally established for checking accounts but have since evolved to include identifying banks during electronic transactions as well.

A SWIFT code is a similar identification code used for facilitating banking transactions, though SWIFT codes are mainly used for international transfers. Alternatively, an international bank account number (IBAN) is a lengthy alphanumeric code that identifies the country, check number, bank code, bank branch code, and bank account number of a transaction. It is also mainly used for international transactions.

Special Considerations

Before the invention of the internet and the widespread use of computers, check fraud was a major issue. Fraudsters could falsify a routing number on a check and attempt to cash the check at a local bank. Without the banks being on an interconnected computer system, it was difficult to verify checking account routing numbers, leading to instances of fraud and theft.

LexisNexis Risk Solutions it he official registrar of routing numbers, and newly organized financial institutions must apply to have a routing number assigned to them. A single financial institution may have multiple routing numbers for different payment methods. For example, a bank may have a routing number specific for ACH transfers, paper transactions, or wire transfers.

What Is a Routing Number?

A routing number is a series of nine digits used to identify an institution. Banks use routing numbers to process transactions, as the routing number tells all parties involved which institutions are involved and which parties are receiving or distributing funds.

Where Can I Find My Bank's Routing Number?

Your bank's routing number can be found on the bottom of a paper check. Alternatively, you can often find the routing number when you log into an online banking portal. The routing number is often reported in the same location as your account number.

Which Numbers on a Check Are Routing Numbers?

When looking at a check, the furthest-left numbers is your bank's routing number. The left-most nine digits are the routing number, while the right-most numbers are your account number and check number. The check number at the bottom of a check will correspond to the check number in the upper right corner.

How Are Routing Numbers Used?

Routing numbers are used by financial institutions to communicate between banks. It is the number that identifies the institution you use so the transacting parties know where you account is located.

Routing Transit Number: What It Is, How It Works, Where to Find (2024)


Routing Transit Number: What It Is, How It Works, Where to Find? ›

If you look along the bottom of your checks, you'll usually see three different numbers aligned in a row. From left to right, the first is the routing number for your bank. The second is your unique checking account number. The last is the number for the specific check you're holding.

How do I find my routing transit number? ›

Where is the ABA Routing Number on my checks? You can find the ABA Routing Number at the bottom of your checks. The ABA Routing Number is the left-most number, followed by your account number, and then by the number of the check.

What is an example of a routing transit number? ›

01 through 12 are the "normal" routing numbers, and correspond to the 12 Federal Reserve Banks. For example, 0260-0959-3 is the routing number for Bank of America incoming wires in New York, with the initial "02" indicating the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

Is there a difference between routing number and routing transit number? ›

Routing number vs. transit number. A routing number combines your bank transit number and institution number to form the routing number for your account. A bank transit number is a unique number that represents the bank branch where you opened your account.

What is the transit number on my bank account? ›

Where is the transit number on a cheque? Your bank transit number and institution number can be found at the bottom of a cheque. The transit number (five digits) identifies which branch you opened your account at. The three-digit institution number identifies your bank.

What is a routing transit number check digit? ›

An ABA routing number has nine digits. This nine-digit number has three components. The first four digits are the Federal Reserve Routing Symbol, the second four digits are the ABA institution identifier and the final digit is what's called a check digit that is used to prevent transaction errors.

How many digits is a routing transit number? ›

A routing number is a unique, nine-digit number that functions as an address for your bank. It is used for electronic transactions such as funds transfers, direct deposits, digital checks, and bill payments.

What is the symbol for transit routing number? ›

The check routing symbol contains three or four digits and provides three pieces of information: the Federal Reserve district of the paying bank, the facility that processed the check, and the funds' availability status assigned by the Fed. The complete check routing number is also its ABA transit number.

What is transit routing? ›

Transit routing is simply routing traffic to either a virtual cloud network (VCN) or an on-premises network through a central hub VCN. Here's a basic example of why you might use transit routing: you have a large organization with different departments, each with their own VCN.

What is the format of a routing number? ›

Breaking It Down: What Your Routing Number Really Stands For

The first four digits are the Federal Reserve routing symbol, the next four digits are the American Bankers Association institution identifier (aka a code that represents your specific bank or credit union) and the final digit is the check digit.

Which routing number do I use for wire transfer? ›

Instead, a wire transfer uses the recipient's bank account number and American Bankers Association(ABA) routing number, a unique nine-digit number that identifies each banking institution.

Does it matter what routing number? ›

Using the numbers reduces the chances of miscommunication in money transfer requests. So even if two banks have similar names, they're distinct from one another because of their different routing numbers.

What is the breakdown of the routing number? ›

Routing numbers break down into three parts. The first four numbers refer to the Federal Reserve routing symbol. The next four digits are the ABA institution identifier, and the final number is the check digit.

How do I find my bank transit number without a check? ›

Your Bank's Online Portal or App — Outside of looking at your checks, the quickest and easiest way to find your bank's routing number is to check your account information through your bank's online portal or mobile app. Bank Statements — You can usually find your routing number somewhere on your monthly bank statement.

How to read a bank account number? ›

How to read an account number
  1. The first two digits tell you the bank – Kiwibank is 38.
  2. The next four digits tell you the branch – for Kiwibank this ranges anywhere between 9000-9499.
  3. The next seven digits tell you the account number.
  4. The last two digits tell you the account suffix – this will be different for each account.

How do I find my branch code? ›

If you have a cheque book, the branch code is printed on the cheques along with other banking information.

What is the routing transit number for a wire transfer? ›

You will need both routing numbers and bank account numbers for domestic wire transfers within the United States. The ABA routing transit number (ABA RTN) is a nine-digit code printed on the bottom of checks which identifies the financial institution from which the funds are sent.


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